Resilient Sheet Flooring
Use this CSI 3 part SimpleSpecs™ specification section to specify vinyl, linoleum, and rubber resilient sheet flooring.
Various types of resilient floors are available, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Consult with a reputable flooring manufacturer to determine the best product for each project.
Seams can be heat or chemically welded to provide a continuous, non-absorptive surface.
Vinyl and linoleum sheets can be installed with integral wall bases. A cove strip is placed at the wall/floor junction and the flooring is run up the wall to the required height, providing an uninterrupted surface without joints. The top of the sheet base is then covered with a cap strip or other trim.
Sheet vinyl flooring is vinyl flooring that comes in large, continuous, flexible sheets. A vinyl sheet floor is completely impermeable to water, unlike vinyl floor tile, which comes in stiff tiles, and vinyl planks, which come in interlocking strips. It is sometimes called linoleum after a similar product of different (linseed oil) chemical composition.
Vinyl flooring is extensively used because it is water-impervious, fairly durable, adjustably resilient and insulating, easy to install, available with a variety of appearances, and inexpensive. Custom-print vinyl sheet flooring may cost an order of magnitude more, if ordered commercially.
The manufacture of polyvinyl chloride involves polymerizing vinyl chloride. Vinyl chloride is a known carcinogen and has other negative health effects. Its escape into the environment is a concern. Other ingredients in vinyl flooring vary widely, and some are harmful.
The thickness of the sheet and the wear layer determines the durability of the floor; unlike linoleum, vinyl flooring is usually not homogenous, and once it wears through the print layer, it will be obviously damaged. Thinner floors may also tear. While it is possible to wax or otherwise resurface vinyl floors, it is not often done.
Vinyl floors can be recycled, but currently almost never are. They are landfilled rather than used as raw materials in a closed loop. Vinyl floor’s life cycle environmental impact is worse than that of linoleum.
Linoleum is made from dried and milled flax seeds mixed with other plant material (pine resins, wood flour, ground cork) with a jute backing, all completely natural materials which come from renewable sources and are 100% biodegradable. All by products and waste is milled and used. Linoleum does not fade, as the pigments are embedded in the structure. It is anti-static, repelling dirt, dust and other small particles, making it hypoallergenic – for this reason it is often used by people with respiratory issues (asthma, allergies). It is also fire-resistant and does not require additional fire-retardants finish.
Rubber flooring used to be made from a rubber tree, a 100% renewable resource. Today styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), a general-purpose synthetic rubber, produced from a copolymer of styrene and butadiene is used for “rubber flooring” It is easy to install and maintain, is anti-static and provides effective sound insulation and vibration reduction. Rubber flooring is also resistant to fading and cigarette burns. Most rubber flooring is made from synthetic rubber, which is not a sustainable product.
Related SimpleSpecs™ master specifications:
The SimpleSpecs™ master specs concept
Design professionals are accustomed to seeing lengthy project specifications, so why is SimpleSpecs™ so short?
Specifications have grown evermore wordy over the years for several reasons:
The mistaken belief that specifications must be lengthy and legal-sounding to be enforceable. In fact, quite the opposite is true. Having shorter, easily understood specifications makes us less likely to have problems in the field.
A belief that having lots of words protects us from a Contactor making mistakes. There is no way to include enough statements to protect yourself from a bad contractor, regardless of the length of your specification.
Our desire to be in control of the project by specifying means and methods instead of including simple, enforceable statements.
Easier to Edit
SimpleSpecs™ is written as a series of Microsoft word files that include statements that affect construction costs or overall quality and are far simpler to edit than other master specification systems.
Each SimpleSpecs™ specification section is non-proprietary and includes three manufacturers that meet the specified reference standards, descriptive, or performance-based requirements. They are written to allow any listed manufacturers to provide the specified products.
Hidden Guide Text
Each SimpleSpecs™ specification section includes hidden text to inform and guide users in editing the specifications to suit project conditions.
SimpleSpecs™ sections are edited using pre-defined options that are contained in [brackets] or by selecting optional text separated by "OR" statements. Paragraph and page numbering are included as automatic codes, eliminating the need to renumber when revisions are made manually. Global changes to headers, footer, terms, font colors and phrases are easily updated using a third-party search and replace software, available through ZeroDocs.com.