Use this 3 part specification template to specify strip and engineered wood flooring.
A wood strip floor is solid sawn and is typically field finished. Edges can be tongue-and-groove or square cut.
Tongue-and-groove edges minimize warping and raised edges. Solid wood can be installed using adhesive or mechanically fastened. Numerous wood species and cuts are available.
Engineered wood is composed of laminated, cross-layered wood plies glued into a single piece and is typically factory finished. Engineered wood flooring is available for adhesive application; some floors are available with interlocking edges that can be placed loose over the substrate.
Wood sheathing, sleepers, resilient pads, and game line paint are included for use in athletic facilities. There are several different approaches to installing athletic flooring depending on the activities that will occur on the floor and the level of play (high school, collegiate, or professional).
Wood expands and contracts with changes in temperature and humidity and must include provisions for movement around the perimeter.
- Polyurethane – Polyurethane floor finishes were first introduced around 1942. Water-based urethane is harder than oil-modified polyurethane and is much safer for the user. Within both categories there are many variations and other names used to describe the finish. They have very different refinishing and maintenance requirements.
- Natural shellacs, lacquers, and varnishes were used in the past, as were waxes, often blended with oils.
- Oil – Oiled floors have existed for several thousand years and is the most common floor finish used globally. Oils used for floor finishing are natural drying oils of vegetable origin that are not to be confused with petroleum-based oils and contain no VOCs. Pre-finished oil floors can be UV cured.
- Brushed and oiled – Steel brushes are used in the direction of the grain which opens up the surface of the wood and removes splinters. The wood is then oiled.
Finishes vary by manufacturer, consultant manufacturer prior to selection.
Learn more about wood floors on Wikipedia.
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