03 11 19 Insulated Concrete Forms
Use this CSI 3 part SimpleSpecs™ master specification to specify permanent insulated concrete forms constructed of foam insulation faces with spacers between to provide voids for the placement of concrete.
Insulating concrete forms are permanent wall forms that incorporate continuous rigid insulation on both sides of the wall. The form units are rectangular blocks formed from two layers of EPS insulation, typically with plastic connectors to hold the two faces together. The space between the faces provides for the placement of conduit, piping, reinforcing, and concrete. The thickness of the blocks can be varied to provide for different thermal insulation values.
These forms are intended to be left in place and covered with interior and exterior finish materials or soil.
Polystyrene foam cannot be left permanently exposed to ultraviolet rays.
The initial cost of using ICFs rather than conventional construction techniques is sensitive to the price of materials and labor, but building using ICF may add 3 to 5 percent to the total purchase price overbuilding using a wood frame. In most cases, ICF construction will cost about 40% less than conventional (basement) construction because of the labor savings from combining multiple steps into one step.
Above grade, ICF construction is typically more expensive, but when adding large openings, ICF construction becomes very cost-effective. Large openings in conventional construction require large headers and supporting posts, whereas ICF construction reduces the cost, as only reinforcing steel is needed directly around the opening.
ICF buildings are less expensive over time, as they require less energy to heat and cool the same size space compared to a variety of other common construction methods. Additionally, insurance costs can be much lower, as ICF buildings and homes are much less susceptible to damage from earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, fires, and other natural disasters. Maintenance and upkeep costs are also lessened, as ICF buildings do not contain wood, which can rot over time or be attacked by insects and rodents.
To learn more about insulated concrete forms, visit Wikipedia.
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The SimpleSpecs™ master specs concept
Design professionals are accustomed to seeing lengthy project specifications, so why is SimpleSpecs™ so short?
Specifications have grown evermore wordy over the years for several reasons:
The mistaken belief that specifications must be lengthy and legal-sounding to be enforceable. In fact, quite the opposite is true. Having shorter, easily understood specifications makes us less likely to have problems in the field.
A belief that having lots of words protects us from a Contactor making mistakes. There is no way to include enough statements to protect yourself from a bad contractor, regardless of the length of your specification.
Our desire to be in control of the project by specifying means and methods instead of including simple, enforceable statements.
Easier to Edit
SimpleSpecs™ is written as a series of Microsoft word files that include statements that affect construction costs or overall quality and are far simpler to edit than other master specification systems.
Each SimpleSpecs™ specification section is non-proprietary and includes three manufacturers that meet the specified reference standards, descriptive, or performance-based requirements. They are written to allow any listed manufacturers to provide the specified products.
Hidden Guide Text
Each SimpleSpecs™ specification section includes hidden text to inform and guide users in editing the specifications to suit project conditions.
SimpleSpecs™ sections are edited using pre-defined options that are contained in [brackets] or by selecting optional text separated by "OR" statements. Paragraph and page numbering are included as automatic codes, eliminating the need to renumber when revisions are made manually. Global changes to headers, footer, terms, font colors and phrases are easily updated using a third-party search and replace software, available through ZeroDocs.com.